South Africa’s Population Grows to 62 Million, Black Africans Still Dominant

South Africa’s population has surged over the past decade, growing from 51.7 million in 2011 to more than 62 million in 2022, marking a growth rate of 1.8% during this period. This information was unveiled by Statistician-General Risenga Maluleke, who presented the results of South Africa’s Census 2022 to President Cyril Ramaphosa at Pretoria’s Union Buildings on Tuesday.

The census, conducted in February 2022, provides extensive insights into population size, demographic shifts, and various service delivery-related data, as reported by SA Gov news.

Key findings from the census data include:

  • Females accounted for 51.5% of the total population, with males making up 48.5%.
  • Gauteng and KwaZulu-Natal emerged as the provinces with the highest populations, recording 15 million and 12.4 million residents, respectively.
  • The Northern Cape had the smallest population with 1.3 million residents.
  • Black Africans continue to be the most prominent population group, comprising 81.4% of the population.
  • The coloured population makes up 8.2%, while the white population percentage decreased from 8.9% in 2011 to 7.3% in 2022. The Indian/Asian population saw a slight increase, rising from 2.5% in 2011 to 2.7% in 2022.
  • The median age increased from 25 years in 2011 to 28 years in 2022.

Regarding housing data, it was found that the number of households increased from 14.4 million in 2011 to 17.8 million in 2022, reflecting an intercensal growth rate of 2%. Additionally:

  • The average household size dropped from 3.6 to 3.5 in 2022.
  • KwaZulu-Natal consistently had the largest household size at 4.4%, followed by the Northern Cape at 4.1%.
  • Most households were located in formal dwellings, accounting for 88.5% of the total. Limpopo showed the highest proportion of formal dwellings, increasing from 90% in 2011 to 95% in 2022.
  • The distribution of household headship was almost equal between females and males. KwaZulu-Natal had the highest proportion of female-headed households.

The census also documented homelessness in South Africa, revealing that more than 55,000 homeless individuals were recorded, with a majority of 70.1% being males. Homelessness was more prevalent in metropolitan areas (74.1%) compared to non-metropolitan areas (25.9%). The City of Tshwane recorded the highest percentage of homeless individuals at 18.1%, followed by the City of Johannesburg at 15.6%. The top reasons for homelessness were job loss/no income, cited by 41.3% of both males and females, followed by alcohol and drug abuse (25%).

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